Monday, March 4, 2019

Justifications for the Institution of Slavery during the Antebellum Era Essay

In Chapter 11, it was stated that Slavery is in the first place a weary system intended to produce wealth for landownersIt more and more became a capitalistic enterprise intended to maximize profits. As such, it was level(p) to a growing international web of economic relations. By 1820, the south-central became the worlds largest producer of cotton. Cotton required continuous development, land, labor demand and a global system of trade. As such, it depended increasingly on the slave- ground economy. However, the Upper South was experiencing a long depression and it affected prices.To survive, either the planters move or stay and diversify. Diversification meant shifting to grains and to selling slaves. Soon, the home(a) slave trade became a multi-million dollar industry. Until the 1830s, bondage was explained as a necessary evil. However, the c totally for abolition of slavery was becoming stronger and they had to change their confession for maintaining slaves to make it mo re acceptable. The Southerners started to label slavery as a optimistic good. They based their apologys on five sources the bible, history, the Constitution, science and sociology.The biblical justification makes annexe to the curse imposed upon Ham, Noahs son and the various verses from both the honest-to-god and New Testament reprimanding servants to always obey their masters. For its historical justification, they pointed out that all ancient civilizations were based on it and most likely even the catamenia civilization depended on the servitude of the blacks in America. The Constitution was their reference to its legal justification which refused to abolish slavery and various laws passed protecting it such as the a plain stitch slave trade and mandate for returning slaves to rightful owners.They also turn to science and twisted the data an conclusions to justify that blacks were an inferior race based on the cranial shape and size and must, therefore, submit to their d estiny to campaign for the superior Caucasians. Lastly, the sociological justification was made more clear by the paternalistic statement as advocated by George Fitzhugh that the Negro is but a grown barbarian and must be governed as a child and so needed the paternal guidance, restraint and protection of a snow-covered master. Be that as it may, to free the blacks would mean giving up our pleasing country to the ravages of the black race and amalgamation of the savages. On the humanitarian side, they tell that it would be heartless to release them especially after seeing that the blacks give the sack only be industrial laborers working like slaves for meager digest from which they will have to use to pay for shelter, food and clothing.They will be a burden to the unclouded people who have to compete for the akin job and a burden to themselves for having to fend for themselves without the nurturing protection of a master. These justifications were had to be well-thought o f so that it would not run contrary to the prevailing ideological directions of the American society at that time which espoused individual liberty, mobility, economic opportunity and elected political participation. Moreover, they cannot afford to antagonize the probably envious non-slave owning whites that they had to emphasize white superiority regardless of class. The truth of the matter is that behind all these justifications, the documentary motive is money. By 1860, the crop per value of a slave is $125. Enslaved women sum up their value whenever they give birth to healthy children. A prime field worker which sold for $600 in 1844 can go as risque as $1800 following a cotton boom. All things told, what mattered most is that slavery is profitable.

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